IDENTIFICATIONS & QUESTIONS: WEEK VIII
Attila the Hun (d. 453 A.D.)
Muhammad* (c. 570-632)
Siege of Constantinople (717-718 A.D.)
The Battle of Tours* (732 A.D.)
Robert Guiscard* (c. 1015-1085)
The Battle of Manzikert* (1071)
Pope Urban II* (c. 1035-1099)
Council of Clermont (1095)
Frederick Barbarossa (c. 1123-1190)
Pope Innocent III (1160/61 - 1216)
Genghis Khan (d. 1227)
Europe c. 600 A.D.
The Moslem Conquests*
The Papal States
Byzantine Empire c. 814
The Mongol Empire
What are the motives of Attila the Hun as presented by the author of this passage? What are his aims? What drives him to conquest? What contrast is presented between Attila and Leo the Great? How is Rome presented? What is the final result of the confrontation between Attila and Leo?
Who won the Battle of Tours/Poitiers?
What are the elements of a "Holy War"? What motives are present?
What was Urban II attempting to achieve at the Council of Clermont in 1095? What were his motives? What inducements does he offer? What were the motives of the participants in the Crusade? What were the motives of the supporters (Pope, kings, nobles, commoners, merchants, etc.) of the Crusades?
What are the elements of a "just war"?