IDENTIFICATIONS & QUESTIONS: WEEK IV
The Contest for Hegemy: Sparta, Thebes, and Athens
The Hellenistic World (323-30 B.C.)
Philip II of Macedon*
Alexander the Great*
Antiochus the Great
What are the motives of the Greeks city states in the Late Classical Period? What are Sparta, Thebes, and Athens attempting to achieve? What methods do they use to gain their ends?
What are the goals of methods of Philip II of Macedon? How does he differ from the motives, methods, and goals of the old city states?
Who has the better policy in face of the growing power of Macedon, Demosthenes or Isocrates? Who has the better arguments?
How does Isocrates envision Philip acting with respect to the Greek cities? How does he distinguish the policy of Agesilaus from that which he advises Philip to follow? (Chap. 86)
Was the subjugation of the Greek city states necessary for Philip's ends? What were those ends and how did they changes over time?
What role does tradition, inheritance, and divinity play in Alexander's conquest of the Persian Empire?
What were the justifications for conquest and expansion for Alexander and the successor Hellenistic kingdoms?
What is the interplay between wealth, power, and conquest that fueled the wars of the Diadochi?
What is the "economic" role in the wars of the Greek city states and of Alexander and his successors?