Chancellor Certamen 1996
Latin III

Round 1

1) Toss-Up: Welcome to the Sixth Annual Chancellor Certamen! We hope that you are successful in this tournament. If we were to translate that previous sentence into Latin (read it again, if necessary), we would use what use of the infinitive? INDIRECT STATEMENT
Bonus: What would be the correct tense of the infinitive in our Latin sentence? FUTURE

2) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: audeo, soleo, gaudeo. SEMI-DEPONENT VERBS
Bonus: Give the last principal parts of each of those verbs. AUSUS and SOLITUS and GAUDEO

3) Toss-Up: Who am I? Horace said that I could play any musical instrument. I was the mother of the Orpheus by Apollo. I was the muse of epic or heroic poetry. CALLIOPE
Bonus: What mountain served as the home to the Muses? MT. HELICON

4) Toss-Up: What is the difference between salutatio and laudatio? SALUTATIO - "GREETING BY CLIENTS IN THE MORNING" and LAUDATIO - "PRAISE OF THE DECEASED AT A FUNERAL"
Bonus: What is the difference between conclamatio and lustratio? CONCLAMATIO - "CALLING THE NAME OF THE DEAD AT A FUNERAL" and LUSTRATIO - "CEREMONY AT WHICH A CHILD RECEIVED A NAME"

5) Toss-Up: After si, nisi, ne and num, what is the meaning of quid? "ANYTHING"
Bonus: What is the typical form of quid? ALIQUID

6) Toss-Up: Responde Anglice: Post primum bellum Punicum, qua insula Romani potiti sunt? SICILY
Bonus: Who served as a corrupt governor of Sicily in 70 BC and by whom was he prosecuted? VERRES WAS PROSECUTED BY CICERO

7) Toss-Up: Who suffered the fate of being chained to a rock and having his liver eaten out daily by an eagle or vulture? PROMETHEUS
Bonus: Who suffered the fate of being chained to a rock for a sea-monster? ANDROMEDA

8) Toss-Up: Who am I? I believed that the laws of heaven were more important than the laws of man so I defied King Creon's orders and buried my brother, who had attacked Thebes. I was eventually buried alive for my crime and I commited suicide. ANTIGONE
Bonus: In what Greek tragedian's play by the same name is this story presented? SOPHOCLES

9) Toss-Up: Why was Styx, the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, rewarded by being made a river by which the gods swear unbreakable oaths? FOR COMING TO ZEUS' AID WHEN THE TITANS ATTACKED
Bonus: One of the daughters of Styx was named Nike. Of what was Nike the goddess? VICTORY

10) Toss-Up: What is the difference in meaning between cum, dum, and tum? CUM - "WITH OR WHEN, SINCE, ALTHOUGH" and DUM - "WHILE, UNTIL" and TUM - "THEN"
Bonus: What about aut and autem? AUT - "OR" and AUTEM - "HOWEVER"

11) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: Curiata, Centuriata, Tributa. COMITIA (accept ASSEMBLIES)
Bonus: Which comitium met to confer imperium on a consul or praetor? CURIATA

12) Toss-Up: When Philip of Macedon wrote to the magistrates of Sparta he said "If I enter your territory, I will level Sparta to the ground." The Spartans simply replied, "If." Is the Spartan response an example of laconic, stentorian, or thersitical speech? LACONIC
Bonus: What is stentotian speech? LOUD or BOOMING

13) Toss-Up: What was the flamen Dialis ? PRIEST OF JUPITER
Bonus: What about the flamen Quirinalis? PRIEST OF QUIRINUS, THE DEIFIED ROMULUS

14) Toss-Up: In what year was Catiline killed in battle? 62 BC
Bonus: In what town located "in faucibus Etruriae" did he keep his Manlian camp? FAESULAE or FIESOLE

15) Toss-Up: Today's date is March 30th. Express that date as a first century AD Roman would understand it (you may use the appropriate abbreviations). a.d. III Kal. Apr.
Bonus: The year is AD 1996. Express that as a Roman would understand it A.U.C. MMDCCXLIX

16) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. THE FATES
Bonus: Identify the common bond: Pemphredo, Enyo, and Deino. THE GRAIAE

17) Toss-Up: Name, in order, the seven kings of Rome. ROM., NUM. POMP., T. HOST., ANC. MARC., TARQ. PRIS., SERV. TULL., and TARQ. SUP.
Bonus: Which Sabine king ruled briefly with Romulus? TITUS TATIUS

18) Toss-Up: The Latin phrase Festina lente is an example of what figure of speech? OXYMORON or PARADOX
Bonus: What about Ad astra per aspera? HYPERBOLE or ALLITERATION (ASSONANCE?)

19) Toss-Up: Which Julio-Claudian emperor was known for his scholarship, particularly in writing histories? CLAUDIUS
Bonus: One lost history of Claudius would have provided us with valuable information regarding what other Italian civilization? ETRUSCAN

20) Toss-Up: What is epigraphy? THE STUDY OF INSCRIPTIONS

Please send scorekeeper to C201 with the scores and instruct the teams in your room to stay in the area assigned to their level and await repitting.

Round 2

1) Toss-Up: What was the name for a stage on which dramatic perfromances would be held? SCAENA
Bonus: What were the caveae? BANKS (WEDGES) OF SEATS

2) Toss-Up: Give the correct form of the relative pronoun in this sentence: Certamen, which is very competitive, is popular in Virginia. QUOD
Bonus: Every year there are several certamina in which we can participate. Give the correct form of the relative pronoun. (IN) QUIBUS

3) Toss-Up: What torture would Procrustes inflict upon unwitting passers-by? STRETCH THEM OR CHOP THEM TO FIT HIS BED
Bonus: Who finally put Procrustes out of our misery? THESEUS

4) Toss-Up: The English word grotesque, orginally reffering to grottos, was applied to what cavernous structure built by Nero after the Great Fire of Rome? DOMUS AUREA
Bonus: In what year was this fire? AD 64

5) Toss-Up: By what other name whose origin lies in mythology is the strait called the Dardanelles known? HELLESPONT

6) Toss-Up: Longfellow wrote in his Psalm of Life (1839): "Lives of great men all remind us/ We can make our lives sublime,/ And, departing, leave behind us/ Footprints in the sands of time." What Latin phrase borrowed from Hippocrates reflects this spirit? ARS LONGA, VITA BREVIS
Bonus: What Horatian phrase for Robert Herrick's: "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,/ Old Time still is flying,/ And this same flower that smiles today/ Tomorrow will be dying."? CARPE DIEM

7) Toss-Up: What mythological couple was saved from a great flood caused by Zeus and were told to repopulate the earth by throwing the bones of their mother over their shoulders? DEUCALION AND PYRRHA
Bonus: Who was their child, the founder of the Greek race? HELLEN

8) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: Orpheus with his lyre, Hercules with his club, Aeneas with the golden bough. MORTALS ALLOWED TO PASS THE RIVER STYX
Bonus: Mortals who were not properly buried suffered what fate? SOULS FORCED TO WANDER THE EARTH FOR 100 YEARS/COULD NOT PASS THE RIVER STYX

9) Toss-Up: What Greek deity carries the epithet "rosy-fingered"? EOS
Bonus: Eos' Roman counter-part Aurora is associated with the aurora borealis in the Northern Hemisphere named after Boreas. What is the same phenomenon in the Southern Hemisphere, also named after Aurora and one of her sons? AURORA AUSTRALIS

10) Toss-Up: What is the meaning of the Greek exclamation "Eureka"? "I HAVE FOUND IT!"
Bonus: Who exclaimed it? ARCHIMEDES

11) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: quadrans, sestertius, denarius. ROMAN COINS
Bonus: Of what metals was a denarius and and aureus made? D - SILVER and A - GOLD

12) Toss-Up: What were the wax busts of masks of ancestors called? IMAGINES
Bonus: In what room of the house would they typically be kept for display? ALAE

13) Toss-Up: Hercules perfomed twelve labors to attone for killing his first wife in a fit of rage. Who was this unfortunate woman? MEGARA
Bonus: Who was Hercule's second wife who inadvertently brought about his death? DEIANIRA

14) Toss-Up: The Nones fall on the 5th and the Ides on the 13th of every month except which four? MARCH, MAY, JULY, OCTOBER
Bonus: What were the original names of the months Julius and Augustus? QUINCTILIS and SEXTILIS

15) Toss-Up: What emperor typically referred to himself as "Dominus et Deus"? DOMITIAN
Bonus: Who was Domitian's much more popular brother whom he succeeded? TITUS

16) Toss-Up: Translate the both verbs from this sentence into Latin: "If he should come, he would see." VENIAT and VIDEAT
Bonus: What about in this sentence: "If he had seen, he would have conquered."? VIDISSET and VICISSET

17) Toss-Up: Distinguish in meaning between civis and civitas. CIVIS - "CITIZEN" and CIVITAS - "CITY- STATE"/"CITIZENSHIP"
Bonus: What about the verb vivo and vito? VIVO - "TO LIVE" and VITO - "TO AVOID"

18) Toss-Up: What is the term for the group of eight Roman soldiers who shared the same tent and ate together? CONTUBERNIUM
Bonus: How mant contubernia in a century? TEN

19) Toss-Up: What Republican era poet wrote a lengthy poem called De Rerum Natura? LUCRETIUS
Bonus: What philosophical school did this poem and poet espouse? EPICUREAN

20) Toss-Up: Who was the man who was called the conscience of Rome for his fiercely Republican opposition to the first triumvirate? (MARCUS PORCIUS) CATO
Bonus: When Caesar defeated Pompey, Cato committed suicide after twice reading who's work intitled Phaedo in which Socrates argues that only fools fear death. PLATO

Round 3

1) Toss-Up: What three animals would be sacrificed at a suovetaurilia? PIG, SHEEP, and BULL
Bonus: A sacrifice of liquid, typically diluted wine, being poured on the ground is called what? LIBATION

2) Toss-Up: Pyrrhus of Epirus almost succeeded in expelling what nation from Sicily in the 3rd century BC? CARTHAGINIANS
Bonus: After what battle in 279 BC did Pyrrhus proclaim a "Pyrrhic victory"? ASCULUM

3) Toss-Up: Economists often speak of per capita income. What does per capita mean? FOR EACH INDIVIDUAL
Bonus: Rome has been called the caput mundi. What does this mean? THE CENTER OF THE WORLD

4) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: tenus, gratia, causa. PREPOSITIONS WHICH TAKE THE GENITIVE CASE
Bonus: What does the preposition tenus mean? "UP TO" or "DOWN TO" or "ACORDING TO"

5) Toss-Up: What mythological couple were turned into intertwining trees after their death so that they could always be together? BAUCIS AND PHILEMON
Bonus: Baucis and Philemon were rewarded for their hospitality to what two Greek gods? ZEUS and HERMES

6) Toss-Up: What figure of speech is illustrated by this English quote: "Get a clue and a job!" ZEUGMA
Bonus: What about "He was not affected by the expressions and faces of his opponents." HENDIADYS

7) Toss-Up: At what event would you hear the cry "Talassio!" or "Feliciter!" WEDDING or GROOM ESCORTING NEW BRIDE HOME
Bonus: Talassius may have been a god of marriage which the Romans created to explain the forgotten meaning of "Talassio" which they had forgotten. What does "Feliciter" mean? "HAPPILY" or "LUCKILY" etc.

8) Toss-Up: Identify the poet: Ille mi par esse deo videtur... CATULLUS
Bonus: The second line of this poem includes the phrase si fas est. Translate that phrase. IF IT IS RIGHT

9) Toss-Up: In the lararium, if the genius of the paterfamilias was not represented in human form, what animal was substituted? SNAKE
Bonus: What is the two-word name for the protective spirit of the family? LAR FAMILIARIS

10) Toss-Up: In what province did Catullus serve under Memmius? BITHYNIA
Bonus: Why was Catullus angry with Memmius when he returned to Italy? HE HAD NOT BEEN PAID VERY MUCH

11) Toss-Up: What was the term for a single lap in a chariot or foot race? It is also something you and your teachers probably follow at school. CURRICULUM
Bonus: In modern terms, what is a curriculum vitae? A SHORT ACCOUNT OF CAREER AND QUALIFICATIONS or A RESUME

12) Toss-Up: Unfortunately, not everyone in the ancient world was beautiful, but some were down right hideous. Who had a face who could turn people to stone? MEDUSA
Bonus: Medusa, pregnant by Poseidon when she was slain by Perseus, gave birth to what winged creature? PEGASUS

13) Toss-Up: What cliff-top fortress was the site where Jewish rebels chose to commit suicide rather than surrender to the beseiging Romans? MASADA
Bonus: In what year did this seige end? AD 73

14) Toss-Up: A common inscription on tombstones was Si tibi terra levis. What does this mean? "MAY THE EARTH BE LIGHT UPON YOU"
Bonus: What about the phrase Qui vixit annos quinque, menses novem, et dies viginti-duos? "WHO LIVED FIVE YEARS, NINE MONTHS, AND TWENTY-TWO DAYS"

15) Toss-Up: Who explained to the Argonauts how to pass the Symplegades, the crashing rocks at the entrance to the Black Sea? PHINEUS
Bonus: What service did the Argonauts have to perform to get this advice? RID PHINEUS OF THE HARPIES

16) Toss-Up: Numa Pompilius is said to have added two months to the original ten-month calendar. What two months did he add? JANUARY AND FEBRUARY
Bonus: Who further reformed the calendar in 45 BC? JULIUS CAESAR

17) Toss-Up: Who was the wife of Hector whom Aeneas found married to Helenus in Buthrotum? ANDROMACHE
Bonus: What was the name of Hector and Andromache's son? ASTYANAX

18) Toss-Up: Identify the common bond: Oenotria, Hesperia, Ausonia. OTHER NAMES FOR ITALY
Bonus: What is the phrase which describes the Greek territory in Southern Italy and Sicily? MAGNA GRAECIA

19) Toss-Up: Given the semi-deponent verb audeo, audere, what is the third person singular, pluperfect subjunctive? AUSUS ESSET
Bonus: Change ausus esset to the imperfect passive. AUDERETUR

20) Toss-Up: Quae cum ita sint, Catilina, perge quo coepisti: egredere aliquando ex urbe; patent portae; proficiscere. What is the idiomatic meaning of Quae cum ita sint? "THEREFORE"
Bonus: What forms are perge, egredere, and proficiscere? IMPERATIVES

*Please send scorekeeper to C201 with the scores and instruct the teams in your room to stay in the area assigned to their level and await repitting.

Round 4

1) Toss-Up: The Golden Age of Latin Literature traditionally ends in AD 17 with the death of what exiled poet? OVID
Bonus: What year marked the end of the Augustan Age with the death of Augustus? AD 14

2) Toss-Up: Which emperor was responsible for dividing the empire between East and West? DIOCLETIAN
Bonus: Diocletian named himself and Maximian "Augustus." What did he name his subordinates Constantius I and Galerius, who were to inherit the possession of Augustus? CAESARS or CAESARES

3) Toss-Up: A sign from ancient Pompeii advertises games to be held on the day before the Kalends of June. They advertise venatio et vela erunt. What is a venatio and in what form does a venatio survive in the world today? AN ANIMAL HUNT; BULL-FIGHTING
Bonus: What was the meaning of vela erunt? THERE WILL BE AWNINGS OVER THE AMPHITHEATER

4) Toss-Up: What English adjective meaning "overly rash or bold" refers to the son of Daedalus who did not heed his father's warning and flew too close to the son?
Bonus: What is the meaning of the English adjective "daedalian"? INTRICATE or COMPLEX

5) Toss-Up: Where did the Greek fleet amass before setting sail for Troy? AULIS
Bonus: Because the winds would not blow, what maiden was sacrificed? IPHIGENIA

6) Toss-Up: If someone tells you to take some information cum grano salis, what do they mean? WITH GRAIN OF SALT meaning WITH CERTAIN RESERVATION OF BELIEF
Bonus: If someone says the information is bona fide, what does she mean?

7) Toss-Up: Idenify the common bond: Delos, Delphi, Cumae. ORACLES OF APOLLO
Bonus: What was the priestess of Apollo called? PYTHIA

8) Toss-Up: What was the most common meter used by Catullus? HENDECASYLLABICS or PHALAECEANS
Bonus: The hendecasyllabic meter is completely regular except for the first foot. What three possibilities exist for the first foot? 1) long-long; 2) long-short; 3) short- long

9) Toss-Up: What Latin phrase refers to "square Rome," the settlement Romulus created? ROMA QUADRATA
Bonus: What was the name of the sacred boundary of Rome? POMERIUM

10) Toss-Up: What work of Vergil is a commemoration of his gratitude to Augustus for the return of his fanily's farm near Mantua? FIRST ECLOGUE
Bonus: By what other name are the Eclogues known? BUCOLICS

11) Toss-Up: Complete the following analogy - puer : genius :: puella : . JUNO
Bonus: When did a Roman child receive a genius or juno? AT BIRTH

12) Toss-Up: What is the meaning of the Latin phrase in perpetuum? FOREVER
Bonus: What other Latin phrase, containing the word from which we get "eternal," also means "forever"? AD AETERNUM

13) Toss-Up: What was Horace's monumentum aere perennius? HIS POETRY
Bonus: What is the case and reason for the case of aere in that phrase? ABLATIVE OF COMPARISON

14) Toss-Up: What is the meaning of the mythological phrase "Argus-eyed"? WATCHFUL or VIGILANT
Bonus: Who lulled Argus to sleep to permit the escape of Io? MERCURY

15) Toss-Up: After what battle and in wht year did Julius Caesar send back the famous phrase "Veni! Vidi! Vici!"? ZELA IN 47BC
Bonus: At what battle in what year did Caesar succeed in becoming an autocrat, having defeated all of his political opponents? PHARSALUS IN 48BC

16) Toss-Up: What is the difference in meaning between tamen and tandem? TAMEN - "HOWEVER" and TANDEM - "AT LAST, FINALLY"
Bonus: If the main clause of a Latin sentence contains tamen, how do you translate the cum in the subordinate clause? "ALTHOUGH"

17) Toss-Up: What is the name for a tomb which holds many funeral urns? COLUMBARIUM
Bonus: At what place in Rome would a person be cremated? USTRINA

18) Toss-Up: The poet Martial wrote in his Epigrams: "Let there be Maecenases... and Vergils will not be lacking." Why was Maecenas important to Vergil? PATRON OF THE ARTS/FINANCIAL BACKER
Bonus: Maecenas was said to have inspired what work by Vergil? GEORGICS

Bonus: Name the other three. [SEE ABOVE]

20) Toss-Up: In Catullus' Carmen 34, he writes: Tu Lucina dolentibus/ Iuno dicta puerperis. Even though the poem is about Minerva, what power of Juno Lucina is being involved? CHILDBIRTH
Bonus: The stanza continues: Tu potens Trivia et notho es/ dicta lumine Luna.? What other two attributes are being discussed here? CROSSROADS and CHILDBIRTH