3rd ANNUAL CAPITAL CERTAMEN - NOVEMBER 2002
Sponsored by the Maryland Senior Classical League
1. Thanksgiving is coming up soon! Hooray! While most people eat turkeys for Thanksgiving, some eat chicken. What is the Latin word for chicken? PULLUS / GALLINA
Bonus A: Some people might even eat goose! What is the Latin word for a goose? ANSER
Bonus B: Please say in Latin, "We have a chicken." PULLUM/GALLINAM HABEMUS
2. Halloween has just passed. Surely you saw all of the black and orange that adorned people's homes. How do we say "black and orange" in Latin? ATER ET FLAMMEUS
Bonus A: Halloween has been associated with All Saints' Day. What is the Latin word for "all"?
Bonus B: What is the Latin word for "day"? DIES
3. Continuing this holiday theme, tell us the rough Roman equivalent of Christmas. SATURNALIA
Bonus A: What special thing happened to slaves on Saturnalia? THEY COULD SWITCH ROLES
WITH THEIR MASTERS
Bonus B: Don't we all love the song that refers to the twelve days of Christmas? How do we
say twelve in Latin? DUODECIM
4. Name the holiday in February when strapping young Roman boys would run around with strips of goat skin, chasing young Roman girls. LUPERCALIA
Bonus A: For us, February is the month of love ‚ think of Valentine's Day! Who was the Roman
god of love? CUPID
Bonus B: What is the Roman name for the mother of Cupid? VENUS
5. What might one find lots of in the Roman festival of Floralia? FLOWERS
Bonus A: Say in Latin, "of Floralia." FLORALIAE
Bonus B: What case did you use to translate "of Floralia"? GENITIVE
6. Ok, enough questions about holidays! Speaking of enough, how do we say "enough" in Latin? SATIS
Bonus A: Do not confuse "satis" with this Latin word that means "at once." STATIM
Bonus B: What short English word, used often by doctors, is a derivative of statim? STAT
7. List two prepositions that take the accusative case. PER, AD, SUPER, TRANS, CIRCUM, IN (sometimes), etc..
Bonus A: Say in Latin, "through the woods." PER SILVAS
Bonus B: Say in Latin, "around the Circus Maximus." CIRCUM CIRCUM MAXIMUM
8. Let's not leave out the ablative! List two prepositions that take the ablative case. PRO, DE, CUM, IN (sometimes), etc.
Bonus A: Many Roman authors have used the preposition "de" to title their works of literature.
Please translate the title of Cicero's work, "De Amicitia." ON FRIENDSHIP
Bonus B: One of the leadership positions in the Senate of the United States is the President
pro tempore. What does pro tempore mean? FOR THE TIME
9. Figulus Pilosus! That's Harry Potter's name in Latin. It turns out that there are numerous instances in the Harry Potter series when Latin is used. For example, why is the name Albus Dumbledore so appropriate? BECAUSE ALBUS MEANS WHITE, AND ALBUS DUMBLEDORE IS AN OLD MAN
Bonus A: Who is Fluffy's mythological equivalent? CERBERUS
Bonus B: Fluffy and Cerberus both have three heads. How do we say "three" in Latin? TRES
10. Staying on the Harry Potter theme, let's talk about Professor Minerva McGonagle, named after the Roman goddess Minerva. What did the goddess Minerva control? (TACTICAL) WAR
Bonus A: Minerva possessed a shield with the face of who on it? MEDUSA
Bonus B: Who was Minerva's equivalent among the gods? MARS
11. Please translate into English, "Ad Forum ambulare cupit." HE DESIRES TO WALK TO THE FORUM
Bonus A: What form of the verb is "ambulare"? INFINITIVE
Bonus B: Translate "to love." AMARE
12. How many principal parts does a verb have? FOUR
Bonus A: Which principal part is the infinitive? SECOND
Bonus B: How do we say "second" in Latin? SECUNDUS
13. Welcome to question thirteen. Responde Latine. Quot sunt tredecim minus decem? TRES
Bonus A: Welcome to Bonus One. Responde Latine. Quot sunt unus multiplicatum per centum?
Bonus B: Welcome to Bonus Two. Responde Latine. Quot sunt duo divisum per duo? UNUS
14. Quid est nomen tibi? STUDENT SHOULD SAY HIS/HER NAME
Bonus A: Quid est nomen praesidi Civium Consociatorum Americae? GEORGE W. BUSH
Bonus B: I will read two questions to you. Pick one of the two questions to answer.
Question 1: Quid est nomen gubernatori Marylandiae? PARRIS N. GLENDENING
Question 2: Quid est nomen gubernatori Virginiae? MARK WARNER
15. Who was the last king of Rome? TARQUINIUS SUPERBUS
Bonus A: What other king of Rome shared the name Tarquinius? TARQUINIUS PRISCUS
Bonus B: How many kings in total did Rome have? Answer in Latin. SEPTEM
16. This road ran across the length of Italy from Roma to Brundisium. Name it. VIA APPIA / APPIAN WAY
Bonus A: What range of mountains that runs down the spine of Italy would the Via Appia have to
cross? APPENNINE MOUNTAINS
Bonus B: What was th name of the road that ran through the Forum Romanum? VIA SACRA
17. Translate into Latin, "The woman works and prepares the food." FEMINA LABORAT ET CIBUM PARAT.
Bonus A: What person, 1st, 2nd, or 3rd, is the verb laborat? THIRD
Bonus B: In what case is the word "cibum"? ACCUSATIVE
18. Please give the Latin word and its meaning from which we derive our English word pugnacious. PUGNA MEANING A FIGHT or PUGNARE MEANING TO FIGHT
Bonus A: From what Latin word and its meaning do we derive our English word bellicose?
BELLUM MEANING WAR
Bonus B: Now try this one ‚ aqueous. AQUA MEANING WATER
19. Change the following phrase to the plural: vir bonus. VIRI BONI
Bonus A: Try this one ‚ feminae bonae. FEMINARUM BONARUM or FEMINIS BONIS
Bonus B: Try this ‚ gladio longo. GLADIIS LONGIS
20. What is the Latin and its English meaning for which the abbreviation N.B. stands? NOTA BENE MEANING NOTE WELL
Bonus A: What is the Latin and its English meaning for which the abbreviation E.G. stands?
EXEMPLI GRATIA MEANING FOR EXAMPLE
Bonus B: Now try this one ‚ B.I.D. BIS IN DIEM MEANING TWICE A DAY