Sponsored by the Maryland Senior Classical League


1. What is a famous Latin quotation reportedly made by Caesar as he lay dying? Et tu, Brute?
Bonus A: We have all come from various schools and states to the 2nd annual Capital Certamen. Julius Caesar is famous for a statement about ‘coming’. What is this Latin quotation? Veni, Vidi, Vici
Bonus B: What is the English translation for this quote? I came, I saw, I conquered.

2. How would you say in Latin: They have seen? viderunt (NOT spectaverunt)
Bonus A: Name the tense of this verb form. Perfect
Bonus B: How would you say in Latin: They will see? Videbimus

3. Sum nuntius deorum Romanorum. Quis sum? Mercurius (Mercury)
Bonus A: Quod nomen Graecum est deo Mercurio? Hermes
Bonus B: What name is given to the staff that Hermes carries? Caduceus

4. Say in Latin: We live in France. In Gallia habitamus.
Bonus A: What part of speech is the Latin word “in”? preposition
Bonus B: In Latin, how would you say “in Spain”? in Hispania

5. The room in the Roman domus named for its three couches is what? Triclinium
Bonus A: These couches themselves are called what? Lecti
Bonus B: The room originally named for the black soot that covered its walls was what? Atrium

6. In what year is Rome thought to have been founded? 753 B.C.
Bonus A: Give the month and day of Rome’s founding. April 21st
Bonus B: On what exact date was Julius Caesar killed? March 15, 44 B.C.

7. Give the singular imperative for the verb ‘to give’? Da/Dona
Bonus A: What would the vocative singular be for the name ‘Flaccus’? Flacce
Bonus B: What would the vocative singular be for the name ‘Flavius’? Flavi

8. What hill gave its name to the building that houses our senators? Capitoline
Boni A & B: Name two other Roman hills. Aventine, Caelian, Esquiline, Palatine, Quirinal, Viminal

9. Translate the verb in the following sentence into Latin:
“My son praises the happy farmer.” laudat
Bonus A: In the same sentence, translate ‘My son’. Filius meus
Bonus B: Translate ‘happy farmer’. colonum laetum / agricolam laetum

10. Listen to the following words: premonition, monetary, mountainous, monk.
Which is an English derivative from the Latin verb ‘monere’?` Premonition
Bonus A: Using your knowledge of Latin, what is a ‘premonition’?
A forewarning (or warning before something happens)
Bonus B: What Latin noun gives us the word ‘mountainous’? Mons, montis, m.

11. Translate the following sentence into English: Marcus in Foro Romano sedet.
Marcus sits in the Roman Forum.
Bonus A: What are the principal parts of the verb to sit? Sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum (sessurus)
Bonus B: How would you say in Latin: ‘to sit’? Sedere

12. As Hannibal led his troops ‘ab Hispania ad Italiam,’ in which general direction was he leading them? East
Bonus A: If one were to sail ‘ab Asia ad Graeciam,’ in which general direction would one be sailing? West
Bonus B: If one were to sail ‘a Roma ad Carthaginem,’ in which general direction would one be sailing? South

13. Translate the following into English: Agricolae frumentum ex agris portabunt.
The farmers will carry the grain out of the fields.
Bonus A: Make portabunt singular. portabit
Bonus B: Make portabit perfect. portavit

14. Besides the Tiber, name another river in Italy. Po, Arno, or Rubicon
Bonus A: Name the port city located at the mouth of the Tiber River. Ostia
Bonus B: Who started a civil war when he crossed the Rubicon River? Julius Caesar

15. Give the Roman name of the god from whom the Romans traced their descent. Mars
Bonus A: Give his Greek name. Ares
Bonus B: Give the name of the Trojan hero from whom the Romans traced their descent. Aeneas

16. Listen to the following words: copious, cornucopia, copper, copy.
Which is not an English derivative from the Latin noun ‘copia, copiae.’? Copper
Bonus A: What is the English for ‘copia, copiae, f.’? Supply, plenty, troops
Bonus B: The ‘cornucopia’ is traditionally associated with the American holiday of Thanksgiving. What is a ‘cornucopia’? A horn of plenty/ basket of fruits symbolizing ‘plenty’

17. Translate the following phrase into Latin: ‘With an unhappy farmer’. Cum agricola/colono misero
Bonus A: What type of prepositional phrase is this? Ablative of accompaniment
Bonus B: Name a type of prepositional phrase that never uses a Latin preposition.
Ablative of Means/Instrument

18. Give one Latin word that might serve as the origin for the English word ‘regal’.
Rex, regina, regia, regnum, or rego
Bonus A: Give another English derivative from these words. Reign, regent, regicide, interregnum, etc.
Bonus B: Give an English derivative from the Latin word ‘ducere’. aqueduct, etc

19. Complete the following analogy: dea is to dearum as deus is to _______. deorum
Bonus A: puer is to pueris as puella is to ________. puellis
Bonus B: filium is to filios as filiam is to ________. filias

20. Roman senators wore a toga with what colored stripe? purple
Bonus A: What was this toga called? toga praetexta
Bonus B: What type of toga did adult Roman citizens wear? toga virilis