2nd ANNUAL CAPITAL CERTAMEN FEBRUARY 2002
Sponsored by the Maryland Senior Classical League
1. What is a famous Latin quotation reportedly made by Caesar as he lay dying? Et tu, Brute?
Bonus A: We have all come from various schools and states to the 2nd annual Capital Certamen. Julius Caesar is famous for a statement about coming. What is this Latin quotation? Veni, Vidi, Vici
Bonus B: What is the English translation for this quote? I came, I saw, I conquered.
2. How would you say in Latin: They have seen? viderunt (NOT spectaverunt)
Bonus A: Name the tense of this verb form. Perfect
Bonus B: How would you say in Latin: They will see? Videbimus
3. Sum nuntius deorum Romanorum. Quis sum? Mercurius (Mercury)
Bonus A: Quod nomen Graecum est deo Mercurio? Hermes
Bonus B: What name is given to the staff that Hermes carries? Caduceus
4. Say in Latin: We live in France. In Gallia habitamus.
Bonus A: What part of speech is the Latin word in? preposition
Bonus B: In Latin, how would you say in Spain? in Hispania
5. The room in the Roman domus named for its three couches is what? Triclinium
Bonus A: These couches themselves are called what? Lecti
Bonus B: The room originally named for the black soot that covered its walls was what? Atrium
6. In what year is Rome thought to have been founded? 753 B.C.
Bonus A: Give the month and day of Romes founding. April 21st
Bonus B: On what exact date was Julius Caesar killed? March 15, 44 B.C.
7. Give the singular imperative for the verb to give? Da/Dona
Bonus A: What would the vocative singular be for the name Flaccus? Flacce
Bonus B: What would the vocative singular be for the name Flavius? Flavi
8. What hill gave its name to the building that houses our senators? Capitoline
Boni A & B: Name two other Roman hills. Aventine, Caelian, Esquiline, Palatine, Quirinal, Viminal
9. Translate the verb in the following sentence into Latin:
My son praises the happy farmer. laudat
Bonus A: In the same sentence, translate My son. Filius meus
Bonus B: Translate happy farmer. colonum laetum / agricolam laetum
10. Listen to the following words: premonition, monetary, mountainous, monk.
Which is an English derivative from the Latin verb monere?` Premonition
Bonus A: Using your knowledge of Latin, what is a premonition?
A forewarning (or warning before something happens)
Bonus B: What Latin noun gives us the word mountainous? Mons, montis, m.
11. Translate the following sentence into English: Marcus in Foro Romano sedet.
Marcus sits in the Roman Forum.
Bonus A: What are the principal parts of the verb to sit? Sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum (sessurus)
Bonus B: How would you say in Latin: to sit? Sedere
12. As Hannibal led his troops ab Hispania ad Italiam, in which general direction was he leading them? East
Bonus A: If one were to sail ab Asia ad Graeciam, in which general direction would one be sailing? West
Bonus B: If one were to sail a Roma ad Carthaginem, in which general direction would one be sailing? South
13. Translate the following into English: Agricolae frumentum ex agris portabunt.
The farmers will carry the grain out of the fields.
Bonus A: Make portabunt singular. portabit
Bonus B: Make portabit perfect. portavit
14. Besides the Tiber, name another river in Italy. Po, Arno, or Rubicon
Bonus A: Name the port city located at the mouth of the Tiber River. Ostia
Bonus B: Who started a civil war when he crossed the Rubicon River? Julius Caesar
15. Give the Roman name of the god from whom the Romans traced their descent. Mars
Bonus A: Give his Greek name. Ares
Bonus B: Give the name of the Trojan hero from whom the Romans traced their descent. Aeneas
16. Listen to the following words: copious, cornucopia, copper, copy.
Which is not an English derivative from the Latin noun copia, copiae.? Copper
Bonus A: What is the English for copia, copiae, f.? Supply, plenty, troops
Bonus B: The cornucopia is traditionally associated with the American holiday of Thanksgiving. What is a cornucopia? A horn of plenty/ basket of fruits symbolizing plenty
17. Translate the following phrase into Latin: With an unhappy farmer. Cum agricola/colono misero
Bonus A: What type of prepositional phrase is this? Ablative of accompaniment
Bonus B: Name a type of prepositional phrase that never uses a Latin preposition.
Ablative of Means/Instrument
18. Give one Latin word that might serve as the origin for the English word regal.
Rex, regina, regia, regnum, or rego
Bonus A: Give another English derivative from these words. Reign, regent, regicide, interregnum, etc.
Bonus B: Give an English derivative from the Latin word ducere. aqueduct, etc
19. Complete the following analogy: dea is to dearum as deus is to _______. deorum
Bonus A: puer is to pueris as puella is to ________. puellis
Bonus B: filium is to filios as filiam is to ________. filias
20. Roman senators wore a toga with what colored stripe? purple
Bonus A: What was this toga called? toga praetexta
Bonus B: What type of toga did adult Roman citizens wear? toga virilis