2000 Ad Fontes Certamen
Level IV - Round One

1. Welcome to the Ad Fontes Academy certamen. We love participles. Keeping that in mind, from what form of the participle does our English word Orient derive? Present active.

Bonus: What are the principle parts of the verb and its meaning from which Orient derives? Orior, oriri, ortus sum / to rise.

2. What do these dates have in common: 390 B.C., 88 B.C., 410 A.D., 455 A.D. Rome was captured.

Bonus: Who captured and sacked Rome in 455 A.D.? The Vandals.

3. We hope that all of you will enjoy this competition. In that sentence the verb spero would normally be followed by what kind of construction? Indirect speech.

Bonus: Please translate that sentence. Speramus (omnes) vos gavisuruos (esse) hoc certamine.

4. Who forced Albinus and his Roman army to walk under the yoke in 110 B.C., but lived to regret it when Marius captured him four years later? Jugurtha.

Bonus: Another enemy of Rome forced an Roman army under the yoke two centuries earlier after surrounding the army in a valley in the hills north of Capua. Who were these enemies? Samnites.

5. Distinguish between impero and impeto. To command / to attack.

Bonus: Distinguish between latro and latro. Bandit / to bark.

6. What sad news did Antilochus bring to Achilles? The death of Patroclus.

Bonus: Who was the father of Antilochus? Nestor.

7. What was the mark of censure called in ancient Rome, placed next to a citizen's name on the census lists by the censors? Nota.

Bonus: If you were a senator, the nota meant of course that you were removed from the Senate. But what did it mean if you were a private citizen? Removal from your tribe and loss of voting privileges. (Either of these is sufficient).

8. Lucius wants to become famous, so he joins one of the Circus factions, buys a biga and enters the next race. What exactly is a biga? Two-horse chariot.

Bonus: Lucius has to finish how many laps in the Circus Maximus to complete the race? Seven.

9. What bad emperor was slanderously accused of having sexual relations with his three sisters? Caligula.

Bonus: What great-grandmother of Caligula referred to him as "Ulysses in petticoats"? Livia.

10. "I saw you all walking down the hall." Translate the participle in that sentence. Ambulantes.

Bonus: Now translate the verb in the indirect speech clause of this sentence: "I knew that you would be walking down the hall". Ambulaturos (esse).

11. Jealous gods were always dangerous. What other god paid the price of Boreas' jealousy by accidentally killing a friend during a game of discus throwing? Apollo.

Bonus: Apollo's friend was then transformed into a flower. What was his name? Hyacinthus.

12. How do you translate this Latin idiom: ubinam gentium. Where in the world.

Bonus: How would you say "nowhere in the world"? Numquam gentium.

13. What ablative is seen in Vergil's phrase natus dea. Ablative of origin.

Bonus: With that ablative usage, say in Latin. Lucius was born to Caesar's daughter. Lucius filia Caesaris natus est.

14. The Appian Way was built in the late 4th cent. B.C. during a series of wars against what great confederation of tribes in central Italy? The Samnites.

Bonus: The Via Appia originally was designed to secure communications with Campania, the area around the Bay of Naples, and ran to what city located in the Campanian plain, often referred to at the time as the "second city of Italy"? Capua.

15. Sagittae aureae et plumbeae were contained in the pharetra of what deus amoris? Cupid.

Bonus: Quo nomine Cupido Graece notus est? Eros.

16. What period of history does the 1st book of Livy cover? Fall of Troy -End of Monarchy.

Bonus: Livy became the greatest living historian of Rome and tutored what later emperor of Rome? Claudius.

17. What rhetorical device is seen in the following clause: et pacis ornamenta et subsidia belli. Chiasmus.

Bonus: What rhetorical device is seen here: quae me cumque vocant terra. Tmesis.

18. Suavium et basium verba sunt quae uno verbo anglice significare possunt. Quod verbum est? Kiss.

Bonus: If you ended your Latin love letter with the phrase complexus basiaque, what would you be writing? Hugs and kisses.

19. What son of Autonoe and Aristaeus, and student of the centaur Chiron, was changed into a stag by Artemis? Actaeon

Bonus: What crime had he committed? Stumbling upon Artemis while she was bathing.

20. What is the adverbial form of the adjective humanus? Humaniter / humane.

Bonus: What two forms of adverbs exist for the adjective miser? Misere and miseriter.