2002 Ad Fontes Certamen
Level III - Round Three

1. The first 5 emperors of Rome constitute the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Name all 5 in order. Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero.
Bonus: After the turmoil of 69 A.D., what dynasty took control of Rome? Flavian.

2. Which of the following does not belong: pes, genu, pollex, avis, oculus? Avis.
Bonus: Please define those body parts (repeat, leaving out avis). Foot, knee, thumb, eye.

3. What Trojan priest warned his countrymen to beware of Greeks, even when bearing gifts? Laocoon.
Bonus: How was Laocoon punished for this warning? A pair of serpents devoured him (and his two sons).

4. Caesar's wife, he said, "must be above suspicion. Well, Caesar actually had a number of wives. Which one was this, whom he divorced because of the Bona Dea scandal. Calpurnia.
Bonus: What was the Bona Dea scandal? Clodius sneaking into the sacred rites dressed as a woman. (Accept anything reasonably close).

5. Translate this sentence: Equus celerior quam canis est. A horse is faster than a dog.
Bonus: Let's switch to the superlative. How would you say "the horse is very fast". Equus celerrimus est.

6. What hero, a glory to Hera, was also known as Alcides? Hercules.
Bonus: Who was Hercules' tutor in music, killed by his pupil? Linus.

7. What is unusual about the noun vulgus. It is neuter (mostly).
Bonus: What is unusual about the noun domus? It is sometimes 2nd declension, sometimes 4th declension, always feminine. (Prompt for more).

8. What emperor ordered the compilation of the entire corpus of Roman law? Justinian.
Bonus: What was the name of this code of law? The Digest.

9. Translate the subordinate verb in this sentence: "He said that he is walking to town". Ambulare.
Bonus: Keeping everything else the same in the sentence, change the verb to "will walk". Ambulaturum (esse).

10. In how many declensions are both feminine and masculine nouns found? All five.
What declensions have no neuter nouns? First and Fifth.

11. What group of three has names that mean Unresting, Grudging, and Avenging Murder? The Furies.
Bonus: Name any one of the three. Allecto, Tisiphone, Megaera.

12. What code of law was written in 451/450 B.C.? The Law of the 12 Tables.
Bonus: What magistrates drew up the laws? The Decemviri (legibus scribundis).

13. What rhetorical device is illustrated in this sentence? Si tecum patria loquatur, bene attendas. Personification.
Bonus: What device is represented here: Moriamur et in media arma ruamus. Hysteron-Proteron.

14. What Roman historian told the history of the year of the Four Emperors? Tacitus.
What Greek historian told the story of the Peloppenesian War. Thucydides.

15. What great Roman was made sole consul in 52 B.C.? Pompey.
Bonus: Pompey was made sole consul to quell disturbances that began in January with the murder by Milo of this great enemy of Cicero outside of Rome on the Appian Way. Clodius.

16. The particle ne is joined to what noun to create the word nemo. Homo.
Bonus: What were the two words, and their case and construction, that formed to create the adverb hodie. Hoc die / ablative of time when.

17. What relative of Medea reluctantly purified her and Jason of fratricide? Circe.
Bonus: What brother of Medea had they slain? Absyrtus (Apsyrtus).

18. Which emperor had the longest reign? Augustus.
Bonus: Which emperor added the most territory to the Empire? Augustus.

19. Both of them mean "each", but there is an important difference between quisque and uterque. What is it? Quisque: each of many; uterque: each of two.

20. We know that deponent verbs have active meanings but no active forms. Or do we? Give me an active form of deponent verb. Present participle, future participle, future active infinitive.
Bonus: Give me another.