2002 Ad Fontes Certamen
Level III - Round One

1. Third year students are comfortable with deponent verbs. Give me a quick definition of a deponent verb. Looks passive, translates active.
Bonus: English has derived alot of verbs from the third principal part of deponents. What's the first principal part of the verb from which we get "progress"? Progredior.

2. The years 264, 218, and 149 B.C. have what in common? The beginning of a war with Carthage.
Bonus: Which of the Punic Wars began with a dispute over the Spanish city Saguntum? 2nd.

3. Which one of the following does not belong and why? amor, cupidus, Venus, voluptas. cupidus / second declension.
Bonus: Amor, of course, is a noun and means love. But what other part of speech, with what meaning, can it be? Verb / I am loved.

4. Even love has its limits. What Roman emperor caused a great scandal by marrying his niece (forbidden under Roman law). Claudius.
Bonus: What was the name of this niece, the mother of Nero? Agrippina.

5. The English word "orient," meaning the East, is derived from what form of the deponent verb orior. Present participle.
Bonus: What conjugation is orior? 4th.

6. Hercules was required in his 9th labor to recover what object from the queen of the Amazons? Her girdle.
Bonus: Who was this queen? Hippolyta.

7. What use of the ablative is seen in this sentence: Marcus altior Lucio est. Ablative of comparison.
Say that sentence without using an ablative. Marcus altior quam Lucius est.

8. Responde Latine. In what room of the Roman house might you find a lectus? Cubiculum / triclinium
Bonus: In what other room of the Roman house would you find one? Cubiculum / triclinium.

9. Please put these battles in order: Teutonburg Forest, Actium, Pharsalus, Cannae. Cannae, Pharsalus, Actium, Teutonburg Forest.
Bonus: What happened at the battle of the Teutonburg Forest? 3 Romans legions were destroyed by the Germans.

10. Differentiate between aestas and aetas. Summer / age
Bonus: Differentiate between servo, servare and servio, servire. To save, preserve/ to serve, be a slave.

11. What moon of the planet Jupiter was named after a lover of Jupiter who was turned into a cow? Io.
Bonus: What other moon of Jupiter bears the name of the lover whom Juppiter, transformed into a bull, carried away to Crete? Europa.

12. What is unusual about the verb odi, odisse? It has perfect forms only but no perfect tenses. (Prompt for more).
Bonus: What other verb, with what meaning, acts the same way? Memini / to remember.

13. What adverb with what meaning is at the root of "procrastinate"? Cras / tomorrow.
What are the principal parts of the verb at the root of that word? teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum.

14. What member of the Second Triumvirate attempted to woo Octavian's soldiers away from him during the campaign in Sicily in 36 B.C. and was removed from power for the effort? Lepidus.
Bonus: Octavian was campaigning at the time against the last of the sons of Pompey. What was his name? Sextus Pompeius.

15. What do the following having in common? hasta, balista, saggita, gladius. They are all weapons.
Bonus: A soldier's shield was technically not a weapon, though clearly part of his arma. What is the Latin word for shield? Scutum.

16. What do we call the region the Romans knew as Cisalpine Gaul? The Po Valley (northern Italy).
Bonus: What region was Mauritania? Morocco.

17. What two gods helped build the walls of Troy? Apollo and Poseidon.
Bonus: What ancestor of Aeneas helped them? Abacus.

18. Who issued the Edict of Milan, legalizing Christianity in the Roman Empire? Constantine.
Bonus: What emperor went further and made Christianity the only permissible religion of the Empire? Theodosius (the Great).

19. This author is famous for many works, but was exiled from Rome by Augustus probably because of his Ars Amatoria. Who was it? Ovid.
Bonus: Ovid's most famous work is his Metamorphoses. What other author also wrote a work called the Metamorphoes or sometimes Asinus aureus? Apuleius.

20. Identify the tense and voice of the participle moriturus. Future active.
Bonus: Using this participle, say in Latin "I know that I will die". Scio me moriturum (esse).