2002 Ad Fontes Certamen
Level II - Round Two

1. What common but irregular verb is at the root of "itinerary"? eo, ire.
Bonus: Give the four principal parts of the common third conjugation verb at the root of the verb navigo. ago, -ere, egi, actum.

2. What number is missing from this sequence? unus, quattuor, octo, sedecim. Duodecim.
Bonus: What number is missing from this sequence? viginti, quadraginta, quinquaginta, sexaginta. Triginta.

3. Complete this analogy. Primus : unus :: decem : : Decimus.
Bonus: Compete this analogy. canis : canine :: : feline. Feles.

4. Rome was never able to incorporate Germany into the Empire, leaving these two great rivers as Rome's northern frontier. Rhine and Danube.
Bonus: Rome was able to conquer the Dacians for a century or so, just north of the Danbus. What is the modern name for Dacia? Romania.

5. Which one of the following does not belong and why: maior, minus, optimus, longior? Optimus - it's a superlative.
Bonus: Which one of the following does not belong and why: aetas, voluptas, feminas, aestas. Feminas - it's not a third declension noun.

6. In this sentence "The women whom I saw left the town weeping", translate the relative pronoun. Quas.
Bonus: Translate the present participle in that sentence (repeat). Lacrimantes, flentes.

7. Love those participles! In the sentence "The boy carrying the water is my sister," translate "carrying". Portans.
Bonus: How 'bout the participle in this sentence: "I saw the men leading the cattle into the field". Ducentes.

8. Which Olympian god was called "twice born" because he was snatched from his mother's womb and sewn into his father's thigh? He later became the god of wine. Dionysus / Bacchus / Liber.
Bonus: Who was the mother of Dionysus? Semele / Thyrone.

9. In the sentence "Julia is more beautiful than Aemilia" translate "more beautiful." Pulchrior.
Bonus: Change pulchrior in that sentence to the superlative. Pulcherrima.

10. Hercules labors sometimes took him far afield. His ninth labor took him to far to the north, where he encountered what band of women warriors. Amazons.
Bonus: Who was the leader of the Amazons? Hippolyta.

11. What is the future tense of sunt? Erunt.
Bonus: Now make that future perfect. Fuerint.

12. What year saw the formation of the First Triumvirate? 60 B.C.
Bonus: What famous Roman was asked to join the First Triumvirate, refused, and lived to regret it? Cicero.

13. What would you be eating if you were having perna et ova? Ham and eggs.
Bonus: How about mala et pira? Apples and pears.

14. Responde Latine. Dic mihi nomen hunc latine (hold up one thumb). Pollex.
Bonus: What is the Latin word for "knee"? Genu.

15. What Trojan leader, founder of the Roman race, sailed to Italy and married that daughter of Latinus. Aeneas.
Bonus: Who was the daughter of King Latinus whom Aeneas married? Lavinia.

16. Give the genitive singular of the phrase unus vir. Unius viri.
Bonus: Name another adjective that follows the unusual pattern of unus. Solus, totus, nullus, ullus, alius, alter, neuter, uter.

17. Responde Latine: Take the number of consuls each year, add the number of the kings of Rome, and multiply by the number of Julio-Claudian Emperors. 45.
Bonus: Speaking of Julio-Claudian emperors, which one was the nephew of Tiberius and the uncle of Caligula? Claudius.

18. What case follows the indeclinable noun satis? Genitive.
Bonus: What type of genitive is this? Partitive genitive (genitive of the whole).

19. In ancient Rome the officials had different functions. What was the primary function of the quaestor? Treasurer.
Bonus: The quaestors were normally young men just starting their career. To which higher officials of the state were they attached? The consuls.

20. Give me two irregular singular imperative verbs. Duc, dic, fac, fer.
Bonus. Ok, now the other two.