2002 Ad Fontes Certamen
Level I - Round Two

1. This is the Fourth Annual Ad Fontes Certamen. What is the word for "fourth" in Latin? Quartus / quarta / quartum.
Bonus: How would you say "fourth" if that sentence (This is the 4th Annual AFA Certamen) had been said in Latin? Quartum.

2. What happened on August 24, 79 A.D.? Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
Bonus: Name two of the three towns destroyed in that catastrophe. Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae.

3. Who caused the Sphinx to destroy herself by correctly answering the riddle she posed to passers-by? Oedipus.
Bonus: And what was that riddle and its answer? What creature walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 at noon, and 3 in the evening / man.

4. Distinguish in meaning between moneo and maneo. I warn (to warn) / I remain (to remain).
Bonus: Now distinguish in meaning between dico and disco I say (to say) / I learn (to learn).

5. Responde Latine: Take the number of consuls each year, add the number of the kings of Rome, and multiply by the number of Julio-Claudian Emperors. 45.
Bonus: Speaking of Julio-Claudian emperors, which one was the nephew of Tiberius and the uncle of Caligula? Claudius.

6. "He gave gifts to the boys". In Latin, how would you say "boys" in that sentence? Pueris.
Bonus: How would you says "gifts"? Dona.

7. What were the two ways of disposing of a dead body in ancient Rome? Burial / cremation.
Bonus: You might have a tomb along the Appian Way if you were important enough, but no matter who you were where could you never be buried? Within the city.

8. With what great power of the Western Mediterranean did Rome fight three wars? Carthage.
Bonus: Who was the Roman general who finally defeated Hannibal and in which of the three wars did this occur? Scipio (Africanus) / 2nd

9. Give me the numbers 10 & 50 in Roman numerals. X & L.
Bonus: Give mean the sum of the numbers represented by the word "civil". 157.

10. Change all forms in the following sentence to the plural: Puella ambulabat in via. Puellae ambulabant in viis.
Bonus: Make it singular again and change the verb to future. Puella ambulabit in via.

11. In ancient Rome the officials had different functions. What was the primary function of the quaestor? Treasurer.
Bonus: The quaestors were normally young men just starting their career. To which higher officials of the state were they attached? The consuls.

12. What Roman emperor founded a new capital for the Empire in the East in 330 A.D., now know as Istanbul? Constantine.
Bonus: The new capital was, of course, named Constantinople, but it was really an older city renamed and rebuilt. What was the original city? Byzantium.

13. What is missing from this sequence? fabula, fabulae, fabulae, fabulam, fabulae, fabularum, fabulis, fabulas, fabulis? Fabula.
Bonus: What is missing from this sequence? mons, montis, monti, montem, monte, montes, montibus, montes, montibus. Montium.

14. Nero got a little carried away with just about everything. He thought the old palace was too small, so he built himself a Domus aurea. What is the meaning of that phrase Domus aurea? Golden House.
Bonus: They say that Nero fiddled while Rome burned, but the instrument was probably this gift of Hermes to Apollo? The lyre.

15. What woman was so quick on her feet that she would challenge her suitors to a race, with dire consequences if they lost? Atalanta.
Bonus: Hippomenes managed to win the race with the help of what special items given to him by what goddess? Golden apples / Aphrodite (Venus).

16. Give the imperative forms, singular and plural, of ambulare: Ambula /ambulate.
Bonus: Now give me the imperative forms of ducere. duc / ducite.

17. What famous Greek, born in 356 B.C., invaded and conquered the Persian Empire? Alexander the Great.
Bonus: What was the name of his kingdom in Greece? Macedonia.

18. Who was the daughter of King Aeetes, skilled in magical arts, who aided Jason in his quest for the golden fleece? Medea.
Bonus: Sisterly devotion was not Medea's strong suit. What did she do to her little brother to escape from her pursuing father? Cut him up and dropped the pieces into the sea.

19. Complete this analogy. Tertius : tres :: : quinque. Quintus.
Bonus: Compete this analogy. malus : male :: bonus : . Bene.

20. For our final question of the round, let's visit the Cinema Romanum. What would we be seeing if we were watching Mens pulchra. A Beautiful Mind.
Bonus: It's a double feature. The second movie would be known to the Romans as Canes nivei. Snow Dogs.